The West Coast National Park contains mostly Strandveld fynbos, which is a unique feauture of the west coast of South Africa. This is one of the many vegetation types that forms part of the the Cape floristic region.
This flora kingdom – one of six in the world and the only one within the borders of one country – is considered a biodiversity ”hotspot” of global importance.
The Postberg Nature Reserve, a privately owned reserve that is managed by parks authorities, offers a display of exceptional indigenous flowers. The public can visit this area during August and September.
The park’s vegetation includes many kinds of shrubs, succulents and indigenous grasses. Be on the lookout for vygies, kapokbos, bobbejaankool and geophytes like bobbejaantjies.
The level of endemism of the flora in the West Coast is almost as high as in the Cape Peninsula, which has significantly more species. The west coast of the Western Cape Province – a region that stretches from Melkbosstrand in the south to Velddrif and the Berg River in the north in an area approximately 50 km wide – is home to some 1 200 flowering plants. Approximately 6,5% of these are endemic to the West Coast and are therefore not found anywhere else (on the planet).
Several of the species that are soil specific and prefer certain micro climatic conditions are included on the red data list of endangered species.
The strandveld and the mud flats and salt marshes of the West Coast national park harbours many interesting bird species.